There are many other ways to conserve soil, though these are not as tried and true as some of those mentioned earlier. What is soil conservation? Soil conservation is the practice of protecting the soil against erosion or deterioration. These are biological and mechanical. What is it called when a farmer plants different crops in a field each year? Water the Soil This practice can also help to suppress weeds, which needlessly sap nutrients from the already highly-taxed soil. Soil conservation is the act of preventing soil from being eroded and from losing its fertility because of things like over usage, acidification, salinization, or contamination by manmade chemicals. The terraces form a series of steps, each at a higher level than the previous. Most trees and other plants require soil to thrive because soil provides nutrients.Conservation of soil involves improving and maintaining general soil health through various practices including planting trees, rotating crops, and tilling.. Earthworms in the ground are a sign of healthy soil that is not too compacted. You must — there are over 200,000 words in our free online dictionary, but you are looking for one that’s only in the Merriam-Webster Unabridged Dictionary. Examples of these practices include adding organic (e.g., manure) and inorganic (e.g., limestone) materials, using conservation tillage (reduced tillage or no-tillage systems), reducing the amount and frequency of use of summer fallow, rotating crops and growing legumes (e.g., clover). Soil conservation technicians are important for the ongoing health of agriculture and more, globally. Article continues below advertisement What causes soil erosion? Delivered to your inbox! It may just look like dirt to you, but did you know that soil is one of our most valuable natural resources? First and foremost, soil conservation involves treating the soil as a living ecosystem. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'? --Soil conservation is the best way to make sure that we have the land we need to live on If you see your soil eroding, protect it with grass or plants. Soil conservation is important because soil is crucial for many aspects of human life as it provides food, filters air and water and helps to decompose biological waste into nutrients for new plant life. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Soil conservation is a set of farming techniques and practices to avoid degradation, erosion and depletion in particular. 2 : management of soil so as to obtain the largest crop yields feasible and improve the soil at the same time. If we run out of arable land to grow food for billions of humans and animals across the globe, humanity is going to be in big trouble. Soil can be drained away or contaminated, destroying it for use. Soil infertility usually occurs when the quantities of nutrients are removed from the soil by over-farming or unsustainable farming practices. These include slash-and-burn farming methods, which destroy natural vegetation and inevitably strip entire ecosystems of fertile soil, as well as other unsustainable farming methods that use improper chemicals, additives, and even irrigation materials to cause irreconcilable soil damage. Soil conservation seeks to restore the lost services that land provides under natural conditions. Erosion prevention strategies should focus on barriers with low capital and labor investment (e.g., live barriers) as well as improved management of fallow plots (e.g., cover cropping). He's making a quiz, and checking it twice... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. When this happens, the farmers move on to other fertile lands nearby, heedless of the damage they have heaped upon the ecosystem they left behind. Contour ploughing: Ploughing along the contour lines can check the flow of water down the slopes. What is soil conservation? The more these areas are farmed however, the less healthy each subsequent crop grows. It is essentially planting on a series of steps, each one at a higher level than the next. New Star-Studded Netflix Doc Suggests Regenerative Agriculture Will Solve the Climate Crisis — Exclusive, This City Processes All Of Its Sewage Through Its Unique Wetlands, Do Squirrels Hibernate? Soil Conservation (2015) This article by The Canadian Encyclopedia includes information on land use, conservation practices as well as soil … Deciduous trees may work too, so long as they can stand guard all year. Conservation of soil involves improving and maintaining general soil health through various practices including planting trees, … Topsoil is the top layer of soil and is the most fertile because it contains the most organic, nutrient-rich materials. Our origins date back to the Dust Bowl Years of the 1930s when Congress—in response to the widespread damage caused by the loss of our nation’s top­soil—passed the Soil Conservation Act. Post the Definition of soil conservation to Facebook, Share the Definition of soil conservation on Twitter. Contouring and terracing are methods prescribed by the US Natural Resources Conservation Service. If you see something that's making the soil sick, do everything you can to make the soil healthy again. It involves the activities that can be undertaken to ensure our soils are at their optimum quality and health. Managing the salinity and keeping an eye on the living organisms that exist in the soil can do wonders for keeping soil fertile. Soil conservation practices are commonly used in forestry during harvesting and replanting operations. (johnstonnc.com) This is facilitated by planting rows of dense trees between the crops themselves — evergreens are a good year-round solution for this — or by planting crops in a non-traditional way. It means returning organic matter to the soil on a repetitive basis. If the soil becomes unusable or unstable, then the whole process stops, nothing else can grow, and nothing can break down. 13. If you see your soil eroding, protect it with grass or plants. Answer. Arid and Semi Arid region. It can be practised on the hills. It restricts soil erosion. It provides nutrients for trees, plants, crops, animals, and a hundred million microorganisms that are essential for life to continue on this planet. What is anything in the environment that humans use? Soil conservation includes all those measures which help in protecting the soil from erosion and exhaustion. 1 : the prevention or reduction of soil erosion and soil depletion by protective measures against water and wind damage. It is necessary at many different stages in the life cycle. Have you ever wondered about these lines? Over time, clear-cutting and deforestation can strip all the nutrients from the remaining soil, sometimes causing full-scale desertification. Learn more about the importance of Soil conservation. This is why soil conservation is so important. On-site, which is where erosion occurs, conservation brings about beneficial changes to soil fertility, purifies water and air, prevents floods and fights climate change. It offers areas for settlement, transport and leisure activities and is an archive of natural and cultural history. But what is soil conservation, anyway, and how do we take an active part in it? Crop Rotation. Slash-and-burn farming is a process in which the natural vegetation is cut down and burned so that the land can then be cleared for cultivation. Soil Conservation is the name given to a handful of techniques aimed at preserving the soil. Soil conservation aims to prevent the rapid erosion and overuse of soil. Soil erosion has been continuing over, such a large part of India for such a long time that it has assumed alarming proportions. In order to prevent this from happening, we need to be mindful of the amazing ecosystem beneath our feet. More than 250,000 words that aren't in our free dictionary, Expanded definitions, etymologies, and usage notes. Soil conservation techniques encourage water infiltration in the soil or harvest water in infiltration pits and dams rather than having the water run on the land surface and carry with it the topsoil and organic matter. Soil conservation Soil is an indispensable foundation of life for humans, animals and plants. Broadly categorizing there are two methods of soil conservation. Here's Why Pill Bugs Are So Important for the Environment, Exploring the Positive Impacts Organic Farming Has on Biodiversity. Soil Conservation. This acts as a sort of green manure that replenishes nitrogen in the soil, as well as other critical nutrients. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). What is the method of plowing the remains of the previous years crop into the ground? Soil conservation is important because soil is crucial for many aspects of human life as it provides food, filters air and water and helps to decompose biological waste into nutrients for new plant life. Soil Conservation is used to protect the soil from degradation. An example of soil conservation is covering rich soil with mulch to avoid wind erosion. Soil Conservation Council of Canada. Deforestation is one of the biggest causes of large scale soil erosion. Soil conservation involves treating the soil as a living ecosystem. Methods of soil conservation: 1. Soils should be protected from natural forces such as wind, rainfall, and … The uptake of nutrients by plants also depends on the pH of soil. It's smart. The contamination of soil by addition of acidic or basic pollutants and due to acid rains has an adverse effect on the soil pH. Various Ways to Conserve Soil If you see your soil eroding, protect it with grass or plants. The concept of soil conservation cannot be materialized without conserving and efficient use of water resources. Slash-and-burn and other unsustainable methods of subsistence farming are practiced in some lesser developed areas. Soil is the foundation of all food that we and all other animals eat. If you see something that's making the soil sick, do everything you can to make the soil healthy again. Many of the newer methods require additional elements. Because the crops are being switched out each season, the process reduces reliance on one set of nutrients. In order to do this proper land utilisation coupled with agricul­tural practices should be adopted. Accessed 27 Dec. 2020. 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