Other sources suggest that the number is "as many as you can think of, plus one more – an innumerable number." Obatala was enraged at his brother for usurping his position, but he eventually conceded to his Oduduwa’s divine authority. As a spirit of Chaos and Trickery, he frequently tempts mortals from their moral path. There are many Orishas in the Santeria tradition, some are very known: Elegua, Ogun, Ochosi, Obatala, Chango, Oshun, Yemaya, Oya, others are not as popular, but not least powerful. Obatala then began to build a city, but after discovering alcohol (brewed from palm leaves) he became distracted from duties. Olorun agreed and gave Obatala a shell to help fashion this new world. by hustla ( m ): 8:58am On Mar 13 , 2016 9jacrip : I know there is a saying that ' Orissa bi iya kosi' meaning there is no deity like a mother. He is now viewed as a compassionate and humble deity, curing people of sickness and disease. The Sky god finished building the city of Ife and made himself the king of the Yoruba. In Nigeria, where the traditional religion is practiced alongside Christianity and Islam, there are public temples for worshiping the various orishas, without the pretense of syncretism. This confusion may stem from the fact that Orishas are often referred to as Gods which could suggest that Santeria is … by hustla ( m ): 8:58am On Mar 13 , 2016 9jacrip : While there are many orishas, 7 have gained the most worship and popularity. These men and women train for many years to gain their status in the faith as they learn the dances, songs, divination, and healing methods of Santeria. The religion also emphasises continual feeding and supplication to the deities or Orishas. In his early days, he was very hostile, inflicting disease upon those who transgressed him. 4. There are several stories floating around as to how she became the mother of all saints. If I give one Orisha one thing, the others may complain that their gift was not as powerful. As far as exactly how many Orishas there are, the answers vary widely depending on who you ask. Yemoja. Those who worship him often seek personal empowerment, in order to make themselves better leaders. The concept of orisha is similar to those of deities in the traditional religions of the Bini people of Edo State in southern Nigeria, the Ewe people of Benin, Ghana, and Togo, and the Fon people of Benin. My answer covers a few things layered in that question. Finally, there is Eshu, a trickster God, and patron of crossroads. There are many misconceptions out there about the Santeria religion and one of them regards the idea of Santeria being a pagan religion. created by artist Jacob V. Joyce Three Orisha Traditions. As an immortal, he was unable to die, so he chose instead to descend into the earth’s surface, in a place named Ire-Ekiti. [2], Many Òrìṣà have found their way to most of the New World as a result of the Atlantic slave trade and are now expressed in practices as varied as Santería, Candomblé, Trinidad Orisha, Umbanda, and Oyotunji, among others. Three Orisha Traditions. As far as exactly how many Orishas there are, the answers vary widely depending on who you ask. The ancestors did not die, but were seen to have "disappeared" and become òrìṣà. Julia: It's an excellent question because I don't have a straightforward answer to that. Julia: So Amanda, you're probably wondering how many Orishas there are. Have the tools used to build ancient monuments been staring us in the face all along? These gods of Santeria or orisha are assigned to different people. It is described as the power to make things happen. Gary Edwards (Author), John Mason (Author), This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 03:21. Let’s share some answers and then we will discuss them first. He is said to live in the forest with his Orisha brothers part of the time. As a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, this site may earn from qualifying purchases. There is a growing phenomenon of people wanting to know who their orisha is, along with a desire to worship and work with that orisha directly. The Chief God and the Supreme Creator. Therefore, according to the Yoruba, humans are eventually expected to become one in spirit with the divine creator who is also the source of all energy, a state which is also known as Olodumare. Although there is much variation in the details of the rituals and mythology of Saying that someone "has axé" in capoeira is complimenting their energy, fighting spirit, and attitude. The number of Orishas according to various sources reaches 40. If you visit the El Cobre Cathedral, you’ll see followers sporting yellow clothes and … It is said their scars strike fear into their enemy, who see the scars of Kokou as a sign of their potency. The orisha (also spelled orisa, orichá; or orixá in Latin America) are spirits believed to […] As master of the deep, he has a great insight into the mysteries of nature. Education is also a factor or who taught or influenced us. In Nigeria, where the traditional religion is practiced alongside Christianity and Islam, there are public temples for worshiping the various orishas, without the pretense of syncretism. Other stories claim that Yemaja was always there since the beginning and all life came from her, including all of the orishas. Shango was the third king of the Oyo Kingdom. New World Santeria believers, on the other hand, generally only work with a handful of them. Erinle by Mod Nomad In the original African belief system from which Santeria originates, there are hundreds of orishas. Scholars estimate there may be as many as 100 million practitioners in the United States and Central and South America. It is generally one of these orishas that one receives when one makes the saint or becomes a priest in the religion,a santero. Who are the Santeria Orishas? Once you are assigned your orishas, you are given beaded necklaces or elekes with the colors for those orishas. Kokou is a warrior god, renowned for his violence and ferocity. Different oral traditions refer to 400, 700, or 1,440 orisha. © Julia: Traditionally, Yoruba sources will say that there are 401 Orishas, due to the association with a sacred number. View this answer It is said that there are 400 +1 Orishas in Santeria. We may also earn commissions on purchases from other retail websites. The orisha (also spelled orisa, orichá; or orixá in Latin America) are spirits believed to […] Amanda: Please tell me in all its intricacies. Article written by Simon E. Davies, Contributor to Ancient Code. ~ ¿Cuántos Orisha hay? Zélie Adebola remembers when the soil of Orïsha hummed with magic before a ruthless king ordered all maji killed, leaving Zélie without a mother and her people without hope. Be prepared to state your intentions and to show respect to the guidelines of the list. God of fire, virility, masculinity, and lightening. Oshosi is also a hunting god, who is highly regarded for his quick wit and objectivity. He taught his followers the secrets of civilization (fire, smithing, hunting, politics, and war). I know there is a saying that ' Orissa bi iya kosi' meaning there is no deity like a mother. He is not associated with volcanoes in Yorùbáland in West Africa, contrary to what is believed in cuban-style practice of orisa. The Yoruba traditional religion believes that all human beings pass through what is known as Ayanmo which translate to destiny or fate. He is known as the omnipotent ruler of the Yoruba pantheon, whose light brings life and vitality to all living things. There are several stories floating around as to how she became the mother of all saints. These gods of Santeria or orisha are assigned to different people. But there are so many powers, some great and some small. Axé in this context is used as a greeting or farewell, in songs and as a form of praise. Kokou by Assasin Monkey So, today we’re talking about African Pantheons. Some of the most popular orishas include: Elleggua, who is similar to the Roman Catholic Saint Anthony. In some traditions, Aganju is seen as the father or brother of Shango, god of thunder and lightning. There are a number of different orishas, and most of them correspond to a Catholic saint. She resides in the ocean and her children are countless like the fishes in the sea. Orishas represent the four elements: Earth, wind, fire and water. Orisha tradition comes from the same source in Yoruba culture, but each one also has very different traditions and ways of going about Orisha worship. [7], The concept is regularly referenced in Brazilian capoeira. [1] for the guidance of all creation and of humanity in particular, on how to live and be successful on Àiyé (Earth). At the last count there seem to be at least 1,700, from the highly obscure to the extremely infamous. But also there are a multitude of natural wonders with … Amanda: I am. Let’s share some answers and then we will discuss them first. These devotees often commit violent acts of self-harm to demonstrate their tolerance to pain. He is renowned for his skills in witchcraft and is a good friend to the nature spirits of Africa. Elleggua is the lord of the crossroads, serving as a liaison between man and the divine, and has very great power indeed. Olorun sent them Ogun, god of crafts, to find a suitable habitat. Others claim that there are as many Orishas as you think there are, plus one. When one is possessed by an Orisha, one speaks and behaves as though one were that Orisha. He reigned for seven years, constantly waging battle against other nations, bringing prosperity to the Oyo Empire. Some say there are as many as 400, others that there are over 3000 and still others maintain that no matter how many, they are all actually just incarnations of Olodumare much like the gods of Hinduism are all incarnations of one Supreme Being. Orisha: Yemayá (Yemoja) Saint: Our Lady of Regla Colors: Blue and clear Number: 7 Description: Yemayá is the mother of all living things, the queen of heaven, earth and all waters. Scientists On How Trees Talk Through an Ancient ‘Otherworld’ Network, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H9PAxAK6fBk, Fox News Host Tucker Carlson doesn’t believe Trump’s answers about UFOs, Researchers discover new 91-million-year-old giant shark species in Kansas. ~ ¿Cuántos Orisha hay? Others are said to be humans who are recognised as deities upon their death due to extraordinary feats accomplished in life. Long ago, well before there were any people, all life existed in the sky. This confusion may stem from the fact that Orishas are often referred to as Gods which could suggest that Santeria is … Angered that his son’s alcoholism, Olorun sent his other son, Oduduwa, to salvage the mission. [5], This article is about a type of spirit. Yoruba tradition says that before souls are born, they choose an Orisha for their human life. There is also a storyline within the religion … There is a growing phenomenon of people wanting to know who their orisha is, along with a desire to worship and work with that orisha directly. Orunmila replied, “I love all the Orisha equally. There are many misconceptions out there about the Santeria religion and one of them regards the idea of Santeria being a pagan religion. Rather than willfully trying to misguide them, his aim is to enrich their life experience, leading them to a spiritual maturation through their transgressions. Yemaya is the mother of many of the other Orishas as well. Oshun is the goddess of love and abundance. ~ Quantos orixás existir One of the questions I get asked often is:” How many orisha exist?” It is a good question and it depends largely on what we think as individuals or personal opinion. Scholars estimate there may be as many as 100 million practitioners in the United States and Central and South America. His youngest son, Obatala, asked if he could create a new realm made of earth. Olorun eventually forgave his son and gave Obatala the responsibility of creating the human race (which he brought into being via his breath of life). There are 401 Orishas which is associated with a sacred number. The variations in details of names and attributes of the orishas originates in slavery, and in the syncretization process. He takes an active role in the affairs of both heaven and earth. Ogun by Eran Fowler In the event you missed it, please take some time to educate yourself. If you visit the El Cobre Cathedral, you’ll see followers sporting yellow clothes and … [2][3], Yoruba tradition often says that there are 400 + 1 Òrìṣà, which is associated with a sacred number. Now, you might say, that’s ridiculous. Just as the Greek gods, the Orishas are seen as the intermediaries between the supernatural and humankind. He represents the power of fortune. He embodies the power of the sun, essential for the growth. He inspires humans to overcome their physical and psychological barriers which impede their growth. Zélie Adebola remembers when the soil of Orïsha hummed with magic before a ruthless king ordered all maji killed, leaving Zélie without a mother and her people without hope. Who am I to know who I should give what? The number of Orishas according to various sources reaches 40. How Many Orisha (orisa) are there? During his lifetime, he was married to three wives (Oshun, Oba, and Oya). If I give one Orisha one thing, the others may complain that their gift was not as powerful. Orisha: Yemayá (Yemoja) Saint: Our Lady of Regla Colors: Blue and clear Number: 7 Description: Yemayá is the mother of all living things, the queen of heaven, earth and all waters. While there are many different Orisha traditions, these are the largest three. Rituals invoking his spirit require the rapid beating of drums, which often cause his followers to fall into a deep trance. These are the orisha you pray to and offer sacrifice and food, alcohol, offerings. A lover of the wilderness, Ogun … Once possessed by his spirit, the devotee experiences a frenzied blood-lust. Luckily, Obatala exiled him to the wilderness, where he has lived as an outcast. For other uses of Orisha, see, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Orisha&oldid=996026784, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Logun Ode (Logunede in the Yoruba language), Jo Anna Hunter, "Oro Pataki Aganju: A Cross Cultural Approach Towards the Understanding of the Fundamentos of the Orisa Aganju in Nigeria and Cuba". Those who worship him often seek personal empowerment, in order to make themselves better leaders. Ashe is divine energy that comes from Olodumare, the creator deity, and is manifested through Olorun, who rules the heavens and is associated with the sun. Patron deity of women and the mother goddess. View this answer. While there are many different Orisha traditions, these are the largest three. It is said that there are 400 +1 Orishas in Santeria. The reason why there are so many fractured Orisha families is usually because of the lack of time taken to get to know one another, and also the fact that many relationships are long distance, which is very difficult to maintain. The Orishas make appearances at religious celebrations through the believers' possession trance. Amanda: Please tell me in all its intricacies. Orishas are not quite gods — think of them as a spirit cocktail with a slice of saint and a tiny dash of divinity for flavor. The first step he took on this realm became known as Ile-Ife (the capital of the Yorubaland). Aganju was the next Orisha to manifest on earth. Her soperasare yellow and gold ceramic, and her five yellow stones come from the Osun river. They all say to me, ‘give me a power so I can also assist the world’. Olorun by Sanjana Baijnath There’s Ochún, who wears yellow and is associated with the Virgen de la Caridad (the Virgin of Charity). In 2011 the state’s name was changed from Orissa to Odisha. Ori literally means the head, but in spiritual matters, it is taken to mean a portion of the soul that determines personal destiny. Odisha, state of India located in the northeastern part of the country. Most Òrìṣà are said to have previously existed in the spirit world (òrún) as Irúnmọlẹ̀, and then become incarnated as human beings here on Earth. Many Orishas have found their way to most of the New World as a result of the Atlantic slave trade and are now expressed in practices as varied as Santería, Candomblé, Trinidad Orisha… Others claim that there are as many Orishas as you think there are, plus one. The number of initiated Orisha worshipers is uncertain because the tradition is a secret “family-based” practice, with no central repository of records. ~ Quantos orixás existir One of the questions I get asked often is:” How many orisha exist?” It is a good question and it depends largely on what we think as individuals or personal opinion. [1], The òrìṣà are grouped as those represented by the color white, who are characterized as tutu "cool, calm, gentle, and temperate"; and those represented by the colors red or black, who are characterized as gbigbona "harsh, aggressive, demanding, and quick tempered". He is the most feared of the Orisha. Anyone can call the Orishas for help, the Orisha Spirits are everywhere and you do not need to be initiated to call for their help or favors. In. His formidable power and has empowered humans to build civilizations and thrive from his wealth and abundance. The present capitol was subsequently built at Bhubaneshwar, in the vicinity of the city’s historic temples. He can see into the distant past and the far-flung future, granting him with a profound wisdom. Education is also a factor or who taught or influenced us. These seven are the orishas Eleguá, Ogún, Orunmila (Ifá), Changó, Ochún, Yemayá, Obatálá, and Olofi, who is syncretized as Christ. The shell contained a magical soil and a divine cloth. We have seen that the orishas inhabit many aspects of na-ture, and the mutual respect implied by the covenant between humans and nature includes all “non-living” things as well. It is known by many different names including Santería, La … Olorun and the orishas lived around a … • Aganjú - orisha that was a warrior king, walked with a sword as a staff, and is associated with fire. Aganju was the next Orisha to manifest on earth. Olorun lived in the sky, and with Olorun were many orishas. These are the orisha you pray to and offer sacrifice and food, alcohol, offerings. Unfortunately many people treat this information like a parlor game, trying to guess who a person’s tutelary orisha is prior to divination . Often seen as the Aphrodite of the Orishas, Oshun is … How many orishas are there? The rest is spent in the farm with Oko (a farming god). Ochun does not have many tools. [4][5][1], Practitioners traditionally believe that daily life depends on proper alignment and knowledge of one's Orí. Odisha, state of India located in the northeastern part of the country. 4. Some of the most popular orishas include: Elleggua, who is similar to the Roman Catholic Saint Anthony. Some orishas based on historical figures are confined to worship in their families or towns of origin; others are venerated across wider geographic areas. In the event you missed it, please take some time to educate yourself. But there are so many powers, some great and some small. At the beginning of Yoruba mythology, the universe was composed of two elements, the ethereal sky above and a watery chaos below. It is an affirmation that is used in greetings and prayers, as well as a concept of spiritual growth. His reign ended when he inadvertently destroyed his palace with lightning. Many Orishas have found their way to most of the New World as a result of the Atlantic slave trade and are now expressed in practices as varied as Santería, Candomblé, Trinidad Orisha… There are around 400 orishas, but only 20 are regularly worshiped in Cuba. Araújo: Hundreds. Orìṣà devotees strive to obtain Ashe through iwa-pele, gentle and good character, and in turn they experience alignment with the ori, what others might call inner peace and satisfaction with life. They are called orisha. Many Orishas have found their way to most of the New World as a result of the Atlantic slave trade and are now expressed in practices as varied as Santería, Candomblé, Trinidad Orisha, Umbanda, and Oyotunji, among others. Obatala. There are many Orishas in the Santeria tradition, some are very known: Elegua, Ogun, Ochosi, Obatala, Chango, Oshun, Yemaya, Oya, others are not as popular, but not least powerful. Are billionaires buying up land away from the coasts based on prophecies or inside information? Orisha is the generic Yoruban word for “god”. She suggests reading books by independent scholar John Mason, who wrote Black Gods — Orisa Studies in the New World, which discusses 13 … Ogun is revered as a mighty god, called upon by warriors for strength in battle. His most notable role is that of the psychopomp (guardian of the dead). [6] For practitioners, ashe represents a link to the eternal presence of the supreme deity, the orishas, and the ancestors. In 2011 the state’s name was changed from Orissa to Odisha. Shango is the Orisha of the thunderbolt, said to have ruled in ancient times over the kingdom of Oyo. Re: List Of Orisha Deities And Spiritual Power. They are called orisha. ARTWORK: Scientists confirm legends, revealing the face of Viking warrior woman with battle wound. Oduduwa joined with the humans and begat a new bloodline of kings (the Yoruba called him Ooni of Ife, the progenitor of the Yoruba people). Like the volcano, Aganju is noted for his legendary strength and his ability to bring about drastic change. As an immortal, he was unable to die, so he chose instead to descend into the earth’s surface, in a place named Ire-Ekiti. The present capitol was subsequently built at Bhubaneshwar, in the vicinity of the city’s historic temples. Before India became independent in 1947, Odisha’s capital was at Cuttack. Amanda: I am. After passing on his secrets and guiding humanity for many years, Ogun grew old. Many of the Orishas were regional deities who traveled with the slaves to the Caribbean and sparked the variations of Afro-Caribbean worship. Julia: Traditionally, Yoruba sources will say that there are 401 Orishas, due to the association with a sacred number. Once you are assigned your orishas, you are given beaded necklaces or elekes with the colors for those orishas. Some say that through her marriage to Aganjo, 15 Orishas came forth from her, including Ogún, Olokun, Shopona and Ṣàngó. Elleggua is the lord of the crossroads, serving as a liaison between man and the divine, and has very great power indeed. The spellings of their names may vary. There was someone who posted a video titled the with the same question where he advises to just do what you want if you vibe with an Orisha. Santería/Lucumí. The number of initiated Orisha worshipers is uncertain because the tradition is a secret “family-based” practice, with no central repository of records. Finding a Godparent and Religious house. While there are many orishas, 7 have gained the most worship and popularity. Unfortunately many people treat this information like a parlor game, trying to guess who a person’s tutelary orisha is prior to divination . Way back in February for Black History Month, I completed a blog study on the Yoruba orishas, as depicted by Atlanta-based photographer James C. Lewis at Noire3000 Studios. Practitioners traditionally believe that daily life depends on proper alignment and knowledge of one's ori. Her other tool, oars, symbolizes her position as a river goddess, as well as the balance between tenderness and ferocity, and good and evil. These are sometimes referred to as the 7 African powers or Siete Potencias. It is generally one of these orishas that one receives when one makes the saint or becomes a priest in the religion,a santero.

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