African masks are also used in the Mas or Masquerade of the Caribbean Carnival. I have collected mask for a number of years and have come across several unique ones. The music, dance, history, and vibrancy of West Indians are all evident during Carnival season. The Jonkonnu Festival is secular in nature and its performance at Christmas time is merely historical. Check out the best museums in Caribbean to visit in 2020. Yours is one of the few that deserves being in a good collection… providing it is large enough to be worn. There was a tradition of slave trade and colonialism created by the early Europeans in the Caribbean and the influences of it are transparent even today to travelers of the region. If you remember your school lessons you would know that Christopher Columbus “discovered” the island in 1498 and gallantly claimed the land for Spain. TITLE: Boruca Diablo-Mono GENERAL REGION: Latin America COUNTRY: Costa Rica SUBREGION: Reserva Rey Curré, Puntarenas ETHNICITY: Boruca DESCRIPTION: Diablo-Mono (Devil-Monkey) Mask MAKER: Hermes Morales, Rey Curré CEREMONY: Fiesta de los Diablitos AGE: 2009 MAIN MATERIAL: balsa wood OTHER MATERIALS: red pigment from achiote berry; black pigment from wood ash; white pigment from kaolin clay The Boruca people mostly inhabit two reservations in the Puntarenas Province of Costa Rica. This was no exc… If you find a moment please look at my mask collection. Over time, dances evolved to incorporate both Mayan and Spanish influences. A lot of time went into making that costume. I think it’s a mask, but have no idea of origins, or what it was used for. •The Body Mask and Coon Mask were used by people from Tanzania and South Africa respectively. From as early as the beginning of the 18th century masked and costumed performers have paraded the streets of Jamaica most often at Christmas time, but also at state functions, receiving money and food in return for their performances.These photos look very African to me. More expensive masks are made of steel taken from the side of oil barrels, same as the famous steel drums used by Haitian musicians. Renderings of Venetians in gambling houses show both men and women in white, face-shaped masks known as the Bauta and w… It’s made for serious mask and art collectors. Costumes had to make the wearer unidentifiable and conversations between attendees began with set phrases such as "I know you" and "Do you know me?" Carnival masks from Nicaragua can vary a lot, but most of them are made of firm papier mache and the eye holes are…, It comes from the Yare people of Northern Venezuela, close to the Caribbean sea. From an anthropological standpoint it certainly demonstrates the wonderful influence African culture had on modern Caribbean foik art. Jankunu parades are also held in Miami and Key West, Florida, and in Knoxville, Tennesee. Aaron has added several Boruca masks to his wonderful collection. Jankunu is a carnival-style masquerade parade that takes place in many Caribbean islands on Boxing Day, New Years Day and, in Grand Bahamas, the summer. In these early days, Portuguese socialites would dress up in masks and costumes and then parade through town while the commoners watched. I usually don’t publish them because they are poorly made fakes. The Carnival of Venice also became our own tradition during the seven years that we called Italy home, masquerading each year in La Serenissima with the locals and tourists alike. Browse a wide selection of caribbean masks and face coverings available in various fabrics and configurations, made by a community of small business-owners. This is largely a Catholic tradition. We have in our Caribbean Category a photo from Jamaica showing a different approach to Junkanoo. Barbados masqueraders appear in masked bands or as street revelers in the annual Crop Over festival. Masks also allowed slaves to participate in Carnival's celebrations anonymously. Fang mask used for the ngil ceremony, an inquisitorial search for sorcerers. Mask Value Code A - high value* B - collectible* C - decorative art D - low value * A and B do not always imply higher dollar value. Separated by Cuba and miles of sea water, you can see why they are different. Mardi Gras, originally a pagan celebration of Spring, also features masquerade. As you can see, Yare folk art is more like that from the Caribbean islands than anywhere else, i.e. The ‘Coon’ is a relatively modern mask in the history of African masks; this is because it was brought to use at the time of emancipation of slaves in 1838. Mickey, 1664 A: Many of the photos sent to the Mask Man are of masks found in thrift shops. A tradition that dates back to the Spaniards, who brought it to the island in the 15th century, Carnaval Dominicano is the oldest carnival in the Caribbean region. I am currently researching Dominican Republic Festival masks from the 1800s. The celebration was later incorporated into Christian Lenten traditions in Italy, Spain and France. Between … To access some of our earliest European mask we need to visit France. Please enlarge and look at the detail. The African style of masquerade is an outdoor event, performed by men, and sometimes limited to the attendance of men. Learn more about our Mask of the World Book. Venice Carnival is a centuries old tradition and one of the world’s most famous carnivals. (Small ones are for tourists only and therefore less desirable for collecting.) You can associate the Caribbean music with other musical styles such as the South American music and Central American music. Masquerade first became popular in Venice, Italy and the practice of masquerade balls quickly spread throughout Europe and England in the 18th century. African culture has left an indelible stamp in Caribbean history. How much do we really know about the cluster of islands we call the Caribbean? Carnival is where Africa and Europe met in the cauldron of the Caribbean slave system to produce a … Although the wearing of masks was long associated with the Venetian celebration of carnavale, 18th century artists' paintings show masquerade also was by then regularly used to conceal questionable behavior. African masks come in all different colours, sizes shapes. Focus your collecting on something special. The masquerade balls of 18th century England were based on the Venetian carnivals and retained an atmosphere of the carnivalesque. I have included a URL to it. The land of the Caribbean is a rich, diverse and cultural place. People used to wear the Body Mask along with a matching face mask; the Body Mask, also known as Belly Mask was carved out from tree trunks. Most Yare masks are made of papier mache and lots of colorful paint. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. It comes from the Yare people of Northern Venezuela, close to the Caribbean sea. Men dressed as women, women as men, and there was much intermingling of social classes as the lower classes often could afford tickets to the public masquerades. Like so many masks and costumes from the region, they are influenced by African artistic traditions. I have looked through copious research material– libraries and galleries, online, etc. Masks are hand-painted and assembled by local artisans. Renderings of Venetians in gambling houses show both men and women in white, face-shaped masks known as the Bauta and women in black velvet oval masks known as the Moretta. This Junkanoo celebration is a distinctly Bahamian combination of colorful handmade masks, costumes, cow bells, horns, and rhythmic goat-skin drums pounding out a steady island beat. in literature and English from Ramapo College of New Jersey, with postgraduate coursework in business law. There is evidence that Venetians were practicing masquerade as far back as the 13th century, when documents mention masked men throwing scented eggs at ladies. You can see some of them in the “Caribbean Category” of our archives. Within the African Diaspora, Haitian culture is known for its strong connection to Yoruba, Congo, and other Cross river cultures which, over centuries, combined with influences…. Masquerade festivals sometimes honored a member of royalty or celebrated a special event. Costumes from this time until the 1930s were very elaborate and were often a way to demonstrate wealth. Slaves made the plain white mask famous by covering their faces in white flour and taking part in the festivities. The masks, costumes, and the indulgence of excesses during carnival times all have a religious root. This essential characteristic of hiding and revealing personalities or moods is common to all masks. Many stylistic influences overlap within Caribbean art, so its history often requires social and cultural references to contextualise its diversity. In its long history Carnival has played a significant role in the … It is thought that all of these are symbolic of a type of reversal ritual, which means that regular rules or norms can be broken, ahead of a strict Lenten fast. By the eighteenth century the wearing of masks by Venetians continued for six months of the year as the original religious association and significance with carnevale diminished. This, too--unlike at any other time during the year--was allowed. ... painted masks… The Careta Mask . They were brought here as slaves and are of African descent, as are almost all Caribbeans. Pirates Of The Caribbean Face Mask, Dead Men Tell No Tales Face Mask, Captain Jack Sparrow Mask, Theme Park Face Mask, Disney Face Mask mousesecrets. There is evidence that Venetians were practicing masquerade as far back as the 13th century, when documents mention masked men throwing scented eggs at ladies. In this folkloric festival, devotion is given to the patron saint Saint Francis of Paola, to the Blessed Sacrament and to Jesus Christ. Feathers and other natural objects were believed to lend certain spiritual strengths to … The first people to have explored the Caribbean … It metamorphosed after contact with indigenous and African influences, as residents used it to make fun of the colonial masters in their elaborate costumes. Laura Leddy Turner began her writing career in 1976. The mainly Spanish, French and English speaking island populations colonised by Europeans from the 16th century still reflect the cultural mix that the Atlantic trade in sugar, spice and slaves provoked. According to West African custom, masquerade can refer to a performance by masked characters, the performer himself, or the character portrayed by the performer. Masks of one form or another can be found in our three most powerful historical cultural times and areas, Egypt, Greece and Rome. It was only in 1979 that the ancient tradition was restored, in … BARBADOS: CROP OVER MASQUERADE MASKS. The mask design originated in the 16th century from a French doctor, Charles de Lorme, who designed the mask to create distance between himself and victims of the plague who he treated. 1387, This is a beautifully papier mache Vejigante mask that is too expensive to wear in a Ponce or San Juan carnival. Masquerade celebrations allowed participants to leave social mores and standing behind. Discovering the Caribbean: Montserrat’s Masquerade Dance Caribbean history and culture is woven together with influences from countries across the globe but the region is often seen as detached from the rest of the world. By the beginning of the 18th century, there were already a large number of free … For all their gaiety, however, masquerades balls and festivals had strict rules. History of T&T’s Carnival. The colorful feathers used to decorate masks in major carnival regions of Brazil, Peru, and Trinidad and Tobago can be traced to some practices in Igbo, Yoruba, Fon, Ewe, Kongo, and Bantu traditions. Although the wearing of masks was long associated with the Venetian celebration of carnavale, 18th century artists' paintings show masquerade also was by then regularly used to conceal questionable behavior. Historians say they believe the first "modern" Caribbean Carnival originated in Trinidad and Tobago in the late 18th century when a flood of French settlers brought the Fat Tuesday masquerade party tradition with them to the island, although Fat Tuesday celebrations were almost certainly taking place at least a century before that. Either way, yours is a beautiful…, Q: I am a student studying my bachelor of Set and Costume Design at the Royal Central School of speech and drama, London. Laura Leddy Turner - Updated May 17, 2019, Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Education, Explore state by state cost analysis of US colleges in an interactive article, Lagos Black Heritage Festival: The Black in The Mediterranean Blue, University of Michigan: General Commonalities in The Masquerade, Chronicles of Harriet: The Mahogany Masquerade: The Origin...And Beginning of Steamfunk Cosplay, Articles from the 1997 Festival of American Life Program Book: Ikeji Masquerade, Ofirima Masquerade, Venetians Mask Shop: A Short History of Venetian Carnival Masks, University of Michigan: The World Upside Down: 18th Century Masquerades: General Commonalities in The Masquerade, University of Michigan: The World Upside Down: 18th Century Masquerades: The Inter-mingling of The Classes at Masquerades, History.com: Mardi Gras: Origins of Mardi Gras, St. John Historical Society: Masquerade: Costumes of The Atlantic Rim, Yale University: The Mask: A West African Ceremonial Object. Atlantis … Caribbean History. This one looks like a capuchin monkey and is quite unusual. To be incredibly specific it would be from Le Joya – by the river I believe, but to be able to find any imagery of masks from this area would be incredible. Masks and mythical characters form an essential part of carnival in the Caribbean. The Ofirima masquerade, also originating from the Cross River State, features a lead dancer wearing a headpiece resembling a shark. She has worked in the newspaper industry as an illustrator, columnist, staff writer and copy editor, including with Gannett and the Asbury Park Press. Dec 24, 2020 - Looking to get inspired on your trip to Caribbean? Apr 25, 2013 - Dominican Republic Masks shows carnival masks and the masks made by Ivan Erickson. The word "masquerade" has its roots in the French word "mascarade" and the Italian word "maschera," but masquerades likely originated on the West African coast. The Dancing Devils was recognized by UNESCO as Intangible Cultural Heritage in 2012. These traditions and links to shamanism could possibly pre date all our knowledge of recorded history. The mask of the vejigante is known as the Careta. Book effortlessly online with Tripadvisor! Almost all these are decorative and sold to the tourist trade. One mask that is very important to the Yoruba people of Nigeria is the Gelede mask. It is a mixture of folklore and religion. Technically, many persons classified as Boruca are members of…. Carnival showcases some of the best aspects of Caribbean culture. Any ideas? You can see this African influence in their music, dance, costumes and masks. Turner holds a B.A. I…, Q: I just found this one and have no idea where it’s from. papier mache monsters painted in bright colors. Made from either papier-mâché or coconut husks (although I've also seen plenty of masks made with gourd), it typically sports a fearsome assortment of horns, fangs, and beaks, and are often polka-dotted. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. It seems to be a very niche area. There is a rich history, culture, language and a lot of hard work and struggle. Ritual and ceremonial masks are an essential feature of the traditional culture of the peoples of a part of Sub-Saharan Africa, e.g. The Vejigantes steal the show in Ponce, PR. The Yoruba egungun festival, a distinct form of masquerade, honors a family's ancestral spirits. This one is a typical parade mask from the Devils of Yare. That is a Bahamian boy marching in a young peoples band. Distinct African Heritage. Q: Found this “mask” at a thrift shop for 99 cents. I would like to make one for a play I am designing, and would it like to be as visually accurate as possible. I do however find good “tourist” masks and keep them in the collection for their uniqueness and color. (There are almost a million blacks living in Venezuela.) It generally refers to the practices of 11 brotherhoods in various regions, which include more than 5,000 people who are of African decent. At the end of the century, with the French conquest of the Republic first and the Austrian occupation later, the tradition of wearing masks was forbidden, and the carnival survived, even though reduced, only in some island of the lagoon. Immerse yourself into world-class art, exciting history, and mind-bending science. Apr 25, 2013 - Dominican Republic Masks shows carnival masks and the masks … Mask, a form of disguise or concealment usually worn over or in front of the face to hide the identity of a person and by its own features to establish another being. Most Yare masks are made of papier mache and lots of colorful paint. 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