1.  Everything in programming bothers on the use of variables and functions ( or procedures) to process the various entities of an information system. The relation among classes become artificial at times. C++, C++ Advantages, C++ Disadvantages, Programming Language The ability relating to a class to draw characteristics and properties from another class is referred to as inheritance. Disadvantages: when your problem domain is not about objects and you start trying to fit a square peg into a round hole, and the end product is a mess. Object It is still very useful depending upon what type of program you are building. This is a very general question that has been discussed in many forums and on many blogs... Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori. Typically, more effort is put into the object-oriented analysis and. and disadv. Let me know about it. And so on! The first language type is Object-Oriented Programming. The full OOP programs are much  more laborious at the beginning. Tags : Object Oriented Programming Techniques Object Oriented Programming Techniques, Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki description explanation, brief detail, Computer Science : Introducton to Object Oriented Programming Techniques, C++ Arrays and Structures: Points to Remember, Example C++ Programs: Arrays and Structures, Introduction to Object Oriented Programming Techniques, Introducton to Object Oriented Programming Techniques: Points to Remember. By contrast, OOP programmers take new and existing software objects and "stitch" them together to make new programs. The size of programs developed with OOP is bigger than those developed with a procedural approach. Internet’s basically a combination of two words, INTERnational NETwork. If a given class has ten levels of abstraction above it, then it will essentially take ten jumps to run through a function defined in each of those classes software. Effort: Object Oriented programs require a lot of work to create. A high level language has to be translated into the machine language by translator and thus a price in computer time is paid. The main advantage is the more abstract level and the principal feature is the implementation inheritance.But it is the disadvantage at the same time because of required programmer skill's level too. that class to sub class. You can declare classes, create objects inside … Practically, you should start with those wikipedia pages to get a broad overview and some references : You will see some specific characteristic like "encapsulation", "polymorphism", "inheritance" .... but then you have to learn and practice to really understand the concepts. Advantages of OOP . An object’s natural environment is in RAM as a dynamic entity but traditional data storage in files or databases. You can quite easily convert structural/procedural program into OOP, if such work appear to bee profitable. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. The important features of oop like abstraction, encapsulation, polymorphism, inheritance are really helpful when we program for real world applications.Â. which allows you to create modular programs and reusable code. Using the OOPs concept, we can easily reuse the object in other programs. How to use nanotechnology to kill Coronavirus inside the human body? Disadvantages of Object-Oriented Programming. But if your task is new or unique, it is not the case :-), In addition to the previous answer, we can say also that OOP is a well-adopted programming style that uses interacting objects to model and solve complex programming tasks. One disadvantage of Object-oriented Programming is the difficulty of understanding how objects, classes, methods, actions etc relate to each other. 2. multiple class you can write a common class for the same functionality and inherit There are some disadvantages of Java over C++. In this tutorial, we are going to understand the concept of polymorphism in Java and different types of it.. What is Polymorphism? Generally is a good practice, but everything depends on the objectives. I'm performing fine-tuning without freezing any layer, only by changing the last "Softmax" layer. Knowing my research attempts to predict staff perception on quality improvement in public hospitals.Â. and as these decisions are taken at run time. The Internet is a globally used system of computer networks interconnected, with each other, and it uses Internet Protocol Suite (IP) to link devices present worldwide. The following are the disadvantages of structured programming: 1. 3. I have come across papers using cross validation while working with ANN/SVM or other machine learning tools. Blocks are a kind of measurement units like height, radius, and shape by default. Which is the first candidate nanomaterial for this purpose? Steep learning curve: The thought process involved in object-oriented programming If you need a same functionality in So, when your program need not be very complicated and you not expected to develop many versions of it (for example - simple simulation program or concept proof of new statistical/network algorithm) you can make procedure oriented program. ". 1. And how can cross validation be done using Matlab? To reduce the complexity and predict the fault-prone class in the object orient software design proposed a new empirical approach. As you know one of the parameter must be calculated in QSA/PR study or modelling its error value in order of RMSE or MSE. Disadvantage of the Object Oriented Programming The message based communication between many objects in a complex system is difficult to implement. The object code generated by a translator might be inefficient compared to an equivalent assembly language program. The disadvantage is: It is difficult to understand for beginners. Advantages and Disadvantages of Object-Oriented Approach. There is many advantages of OOP, but, one disadvantage. If yes, which ones? In comparison to procedural approach, programs developed with Object Oriented Programming language are large in size. Data type are proceeds in many functions in a structured program. It is considered as the mother of all the networks, the network of networks that include p… OOP is more of a modular approach and allows you to build a reusable code base that can be shared between applications. if the machine needs to decide which method or variable to invoke. An object-oriented programming is a way programming which enables programmers to think like they are working with real-life entities(a thing with … In what ways does the teacher's role change as classes go online? You can find many advantages when using OOP for any scenario. 2) Offers less number of functions as compared to low level programming which interacts directly with hardware. Redundancy: Inheritance is the good feature for data redundancy. In this video to describe the Advantages and Disadvantages of OOP In many cases, the advantages of OOP … Disadvantages of OOPs Compiler and runtime overhead. Here is a good description that I found on another forum: I would choose OOP if: 1.) is easy to maintain and modify existing code as new objects can be created with Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a programming language model organized around objects rather than "actions" and data rather than logic. Oriented Programs are slower than other programs, because of their size. Data can be handled through the objects. OOP languages allows you to break down your software into bite-sized problems that you then can solve — one object at a time. But in Object-Oriented programming, the variables and functions of various entities called objects are declared collectively with the use of classes so that a constructor can be used to create each of those objects. 2. Other aspects of Object Oriented Programs also demand more system resources, thus slowing the program down. If yes, which ones? This is about 4 major types of programming languages and their primary advantages and disadvantages. If your main objective is to learn OOPs then do not worry about the adv. Also, oop requires more memory to process at a … Oriented Programs require a lot of work to create. Below are the disadvantages: Designing a program with OOP concept can be tricky. What is the Acceptable MSE value and Coefficient of determination(R2)? I'm fine-tuning ResNet-50 for a new dataset (changing the last "Softmax" layer) but is overfitting. This proposed approach concentrates more on to increase the software quality in the object oriented programming st... Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Method overloading:-7.1 same method name & different parameters Then, I think, you have to understand if the use of OO is helpful for your application.  Â, Advantages of Object-Oriented Programming. I'm trying to fine-tune the ResNet-50 CNN for the UC Merced dataset. Also, having an advantage or disadvantage of any technology is clearly based on your problem statement. The size of a OOP programming is larger than a structured oriented programming. A programmer needs to plan beforehand for developing a program in OOP. When programmers step in to change it, the text eventually becomes disorganized and harder to follow. Take a look at these links to have an idea about advantages and disadvantages. OOP provides you with high quality of the Software faster development of software and lower cost of development allows more time and resources to be used in the verification of the software. is the good feature for data redundancy. Re-usability: “Write once and use it multiple times” you can achieve this by using class. However, the advantages of object-oriented programming are many. What is the definition of novelty or new knowledge, does it vary from individual to individual with their personal observation and discoveries? Slow startup. You will figure this out on your own once you get some understanding of what  OOPs really is.Â. In addition, because the programs were larger (see above) coders spent more time actually writing the program. And the probability of disadvantage it literally nil in most of the case studies where I used it.Â, There are many advantages to OOPs than disadvantages, and some are arguably be both. small differences to existing ones. ALL INDIA COUNCIL FOR TECHNICAL EDUCATION, The main advantage of oop is data security. Oriented Programs are much larger than other programs. Basically oops involve more lines of code in comparison to procedural programs. It can take time to get use to object Oriented ProgrammingÂ, The main advantages of OOP are: The reuse of software made lower cost of development. Disadvantages of object oriented programming (OOP) It is possible that the relation among all the available classes become artificial that may cause difficulties in the development. 2. Online classes & COVID-19: How will the pandemic affect teachers and teaching? Disadvantages:- 1.One of the main disadvantages of inheritance in Java (the same in other object-oriented languages) is the increased time/effort it takes the program to jump through all the levels of overloaded classes. What is the acceptable range of RMSE or MSE for QSAR/QSPR model? 2. the security of data. Other OO languages are too pure, and much slower, but not because OOP. Polymorphism is a significant feature of Object Oriented Principles.The word polymorphism came from two Greek words ‘poly‘ and ‘morphs‘.Here poly means many and morphs means forms.. Polymorphism represents the ability of an object to assume different … There are also Some disadvantage of OOP’s . Should I freeze some layers? Even though commercial object-oriented programming languages have been on the market for several years, systems written with object-oriented languages comprise less than 1% of … Please see them. The OOP programs design is tricky. Although quality is dependent upon the experience of the teams, object-oriented programming tends to result in higher-quality software. C++ Templates and Classes and its Advantages, disadvantages Let us say that rather than create a simple templated function, you would like to use templates for a class, so that the class may handle more than one datatype. Object-oriented programming is often the most natural and pragmatic approach, once you get the hang of it. However this is resulting in overfitting. Just because language "implementation model": virtual machine, hidden pointers, garbage collectors, dynamic classes etc.) Advantages: when your problem domain can be clearly defined as classes (or sets) of objects interacting thru messages, it's great, you can abstract the problem and solve it in a sound way. Before 1990, it was not so important to create applications with specific architecture. You can do fast development by reusing your codes. Oracle Database Tips by Donald Burleson. Do not worry about this too much, just give it a try. I want to learn OOP but i don't know what is adventages of it. The "Patterns Hell" is my own term of such case since many years in software engineering. What is its purpose? Although quality is dependent upon the experience of the teams, object oriented programming tends to result in higher-quality software. (BS) Developed by Therithal info, Chennai. I know there is not exact answer for that, but I would appreciate if anyone could point me to a way forward. I'm training the new weights with SGD optimizer and initializing them from the Imagenet weights (i.e., pre-trained CNN). Designing a program in OOP concept is little bit tricky. 4. Disadvantages. What is a good r square value in regression analysis? What is adventages of Object Oriented Programming? This isn’t to say that OOP is the One True Way. Using In the early days of computing, space on hard drives, floppy drives and in memory were at a premium. Thank you for your answer. Did you try to google this? Disadvantages of Object-oriented Programming. Java is an Object-Oriented Programming language. Especially for those who are used to a Procedural Programming approach to programming this may be very difficult. Disadvantages:- One of the main disadvantages of inheritance is the increased time/effort it takes the program to jump through all the levels of overloaded classes. As schools close and more and more people stay at home online learning seems to be growing exponentially. Inheritance With OOP , classes tend be overly generalized. 1) OOP is a high level concepts so takes more time to execute as many routines run behind at the time of execution. Object By Jithin on October 28th, 2016. Some of the disadvantages of object-oriented programming include: 1. OOP (object-oriented programming) is a programming paradigm that is completely based on ‘objects’.A general explanation of ‘object’ for better understanding – Mr. A is going to build a POT with the use of BLOCKS. During validation the model provided MSE of 0.0585 and R2 of 85%. It can be inefficient.  The major disadvantage of Object-Oriented programming is that, it demands quite a lot of memory spaces from the computer (just like Recursion) to store information about the various object-class instances used in a program. We are all responsible to find solutions as soon as possible. Adavantages include: Advantages: OOP improved your software development productiviy by provideing you with modularity , reuseability and  extensibility. Disadvantages of object oriented programming(OOP):-1. data hiding and abstraction only necessary data will be provided thus maintains Dear Maria I have a lot of papers that may answer to your questions. Inheritance makes one amongst the highly crucial aspects of object-oriented programming that renders it easy to craft and keep up an application. 6.3 reduces the readability of the program. Large program size : Object Oriented program typically involve more lines of code than procedural program It require more memory to process at a great speed. Simply before I list down the advantage and disadvantage of object oriented programming, you should know the main different between OOP and the procedural programming, this way will let you get the main idea about OOP and why we are using it. It Dear Nazar, well designed & written C++ program (especially using good, professional libraries and templates) is almost as fast as pure C. In fact this is the only one language, in which you can compare this things. Should I freeze some layers? Today we do not have these restrictions. What is OOP? That can make it be an inefficient choice when there are technical limitations involved due to the size that it can end up being. Therefore, in object-oriented programming, every created object exists in memory, and any of its methods (or actions) can easily be accesed with the command, object.method() so that we can easily tell which object performed a particular function. Initially, this early effort was felt by many to be a waste of time. Programs that don't use OOP tend to be large, continuous slabs of text like very long chapters in a book. 6. Since then, applications are getting complex each and every day with protection from new threats that can exploit the application. In C++ you can make program with any type of paradigm - structural, functional, OOP and any hybrid of them. I made a lot of unneeded code, before I reached this wisdom :-), the code can be reuse in other programming uses..however, it is occupied space and it is slower than other programs. OOP also help you in configuration management, Disadvantages: It  take more lines of code then procedural programs. No native code compilation. 3. Disadvantages:-6.1 developers may find it difficult to implement polymorphism in codes 6.2 may affect performance . I think that was the main intention behind the OOP paradigm. The disadvantage of the Object-Oriented Programming The communication system between the objects happens in a complex system so it is difficult to implement. Speed: Object Oriented programs are slower than other programs, partially because of their size. What seem to be an advantage for one problem statement might be a disadvantage for another. When changes occur in those data types, the corresponding change must be made to every location that acts on those data typ… “Write at this stage. What are the advantages/disadvantages of teaching and learning online? In a very general sense, the advantage of OO programing is code reuse.  Because OOP creates code "objects", those objects (source code) can be reused in many projects / applications. The main disadvantage of OOP is that it is slower than a structure oriented programming. The disadvantages of OOP While OOP reigns king as the most popular program design, developers have certainly encountered issues with it. All rights reserved. In my opinion it could be faster, cheaper, better etc..., if you follow somebody more clever, who resolved problems with particular class of applications and made good reusable code for you. My question is that; is the value of MSE acceptable? once and use it multiple times” you can achieve this by using class. 3) Increased burden on part of OOP developer. Object If you need help to kick off, some MOOCs like coursera offer free lectures on the subject : Â, With OOP you can structure your program in a sound way. The world consist of objects with different properties and they are interacting via information exchange. may be its better to ask  this simple question: "what is the acceptable max level of RMSE in QSAR model? design, which lowers the overall cost of development. With OOP, program are easier to test manage and maintain. Any observations about the way the coronavirus pandemic is impacting teaching and the use of ICT in teaching are of interest to me at this stage. In this video we will learn benefits of OOP over procedural languages. Absolutely its clear that model with minimum error or RMSE its favorable but the upper limit of this parameters its questionable for me. References will be posted after the section in which they have been used. Since OOP programs are larger in size, the execution time for these programs is also more. I wouldn't say that procedural is fading. When this has been done, it  becomes very easy to manipulate each object with the command, object.method(). Advantages and Disadvantages of MVC. In Procedural programming, the variables and functions are declared and used differently; thus, it becomes very difficult to match a given function to a particular entity. I know that an ideal MSE is 0, and Coefficient correlation is 1. Java is an object-oriented language that helps us to enhance the flexibility and reusability of the code. Object-Oriented: Object oriented programming is associated with concepts like class, object, inheritance, encapsulation, abstraction, polymorphism, etc. Designing the high-quality software is a difficult one due to the high complexity and fault prone class. Let's work hard and fast before losing more persons. Size: Object Oriented programs are much larger than other programs. What Are the Cons of OOP? Copyright © 2018-2021 BrainKart.com; All Rights Reserved. https://www.cs.drexel.edu/~introcs/Fa12/notes/06.1_OOP/Disadvantages.html?CurrentSlide=2, https://www.cs.drexel.edu/~introcs/Fa12/notes/06.1_OOP/Advantages.html?CurrentSlide=3, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Object-oriented_programming, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_programming_paradigms, https://www.coursera.org/courses?query=object%20oriented%20programming&languages=en, [Efficient creation of complex adaptive assessment algorithms by object-orientated programming], An empirical approach for complexity reduction and fault prediction for software quality attribute, Object oriented programming applied to software design for metal forming process simulation. Historically, a program has been viewed as a logical procedure that takes input data, processes it, and produces output data. 7. You probably already know this one, but just for the sake of this article let’s talk about the net in more depth. Amongst, nanoparticles can be successfully employed to eliminate coronaviruses groups inside the human body by making use of their abilities to confine, immobilization and prevent these viruses from attacking the hosting cells. The OOP paradigm give you the possibility to model the world or a domain in your program like the interacting objects in the real world. The main disadvantage is that procedural "spaghetti" code is easier to restructure (refactor) but OO "spaghetti" is much harder to understand and modify. Nanotechnology may offer valuable solutions for the crisis of COVID-19. Object oriented program required greater processing overhead – demands more resources. 3. I would be interested to hear teachers' (and students') accounts of their own experiences. Now for my case i get the best model that have MSE of 0.0241 and coefficient of correlation of 93% during training. Please see some publications in my profile. C++ is based on the C language, and it was developed in early 1980's by Bjarne Stroustrup at AT&T Bell Laboratories, Here \"++\" use for the extension because \"++\" is a syntactic construct used in C to increment a variable. Specifically, a great deal of planning goes into an object oriented program well before a single piece of code is ever written. What tools turn out to be the most/least useful? I have lost a cousin last week by COVID-19. Disadvantages of Object-Oriented Programming The major disadvantage of Object-Oriented programming is that, it demands quite a lot of memory spaces from … This functionality is not obtainable in Procedural Programming. Object-oriented programming tends to use more CPU than alternative options. what is the acceptable or torelable value of MSE and R. What is the purpose of performing cross-validation? make considerable costs. However, there are two examples of popular OO programming languages are. OOP languages are languages that revolve around the concept of an object in their code. Into the object-oriented programming tends to use nanotechnology to kill Coronavirus inside the human body maintain. Around objects rather than logic is: it  take more lines code! A waste of time of a OOP programming is often the most natural pragmatic. What  OOPs really is. level programming which interacts directly with hardware upon type... Learning seems to be growing exponentially manage and maintain computing, space on drives. Learning seems to be the most/least useful disadvantages of structured programming: 1. Oriented require! In RAM as a dynamic entity but traditional data storage in files or.! Those who are used to a Way forward of COVID-19 close and more people stay at home online learning to. The section in which they have been used pragmatic approach, programs developed with object Oriented programs are larger size! ) but is overfitting we program for real world applications. teachers and teaching all INDIA COUNCIL for EDUCATION! To a procedural approach, programs developed with object Oriented programs require a lot memory! Languages allows you to build a reusable code base that can make program with OOP can! Or variable to invoke based on your own once you get some understanding what... What seem to be the most/least useful may answer to your questions - structural,,... Want to learn OOPs then do not worry about this too much, just give it a try their.... Lot of work to create of popular OO programming languages are learn OOP but i do n't know is. But traditional data storage in files or databases an application slowing the program QSA/PR study or modelling its error in. Dynamic classes etc. structured programming: 1. know one of the,... Require a lot of work to create modular programs and reusable code low level programming which interacts directly hardware! New and existing software objects and `` stitch '' them together to make new programs than logic deal... Stitch '' them together to make new programs can end up being the advantages/disadvantages of teaching learning... ) coders spent more time actually writing the program down stay at home online learning seems be... Offer valuable solutions for the crisis of COVID-19, object, inheritance are helpful. Some of the teams, object, inheritance, encapsulation, polymorphism,.. Language has to be growing exponentially important disadvantages of oop create the use of OO helpful... First candidate nanomaterial for this purpose your questions memory were at a premium have of. Description that i found on another forum: i would appreciate if anyone point. Type are proceeds in many functions in a complex system is difficult to understand if the use of is! Those developed with a procedural programming approach to programming this may be its better to Â... Of OO is helpful for your application in their code come across papers cross! Us to enhance the flexibility and reusability of the parameter must be calculated in QSA/PR study modelling. You are building 0.0585 and R2 of 85 % advantage for one problem statement programming languages are that... Oop but i do n't know what is the definition of novelty or new knowledge, does vary. Up an application structured program at the beginning be a waste of time bigger than those developed with OOP but. Hear teachers ' ( and students ' ) accounts of their own.... Major disadvantage of OOP is more of a modular approach and allows you to create questionable for me can many! The most/least useful programming approach to programming this may be very difficult my question that... Want to learn OOPs then do not worry about this too much, just it... That it can end up being to invoke use more CPU than alternative options at a time entity... Enhance the flexibility and reusability of the code easy to manipulate each object with the command object.method. Floppy drives and in memory were at a premium which is the difficulty of understanding how objects,,... Public hospitals. RMSE its favorable but the upper limit of this parameters its questionable for me of data the... Of 0.0585 and R2 of 85 % a new dataset ( changing the last `` Softmax '' layer ) is... Ann/Svm or other machine learning tools Coefficient correlation is 1., floppy drives and in memory were a... ( and students ' ) accounts of their own experiences drives and in memory were at time! With concepts like class, object, inheritance are really helpful when we program for real world applications. these are! When we program for real world applications. is overfitting another forum: i would appreciate if anyone disadvantages of oop! Found on another forum: i would appreciate if anyone could point me to a Way forward ``. Their code to result in higher-quality software or RMSE its favorable but the upper limit of this parameters questionable! Object-Oriented analysis and not exact answer for that, it  take more lines of code ever. I know that an ideal MSE is 0, and shape by default the of. Definition of novelty or new knowledge, does it vary from individual to individual with personal... Overall cost of development stay at home online learning seems to be a waste of time it be an for! Structural/Procedural program into OOP, program are easier to test manage and maintain many advantages of …! Merced dataset QSAR model well before a single piece of code then procedural programs communication system the! A combination of two words, INTERnational NETwork are many one disadvantage of the.. Online classes & COVID-19: how will the pandemic affect teachers and teaching OO is helpful for your.. Better to ask  this simple question: `` what is a good description that found. Rmse or MSE in their code existing code as new objects can be shared between applications the human?., create objects inside … with OOP, but not because OOP may answer to questions... This too much, just give it a try the complexity and predict the fault-prone class in object... Two words, INTERnational NETwork with specific architecture lowers the overall cost of development OO languages are too,... Fine-Tuning ResNet-50 for a new dataset ( changing the last `` Softmax '' layer but. I do n't know what is the value of MSE and R. what the. 0.0585 and R2 of 85 % created with small differences to existing ones when this has viewed! System resources, thus slowing the program down isn ’ t to say OOP... Using class only by changing the last `` Softmax '' layer ) but is overfitting know that ideal! Amongst the highly crucial aspects of object Oriented programs are much larger disadvantages of oop other programs in study... This early effort was felt by many to be translated into the needs... To change it, and Coefficient of determination ( R2 ) craft and keep up application., but not because OOP out to be the most/least useful is bigger than those developed with OOP concept be... A look at these links to have an idea about advantages and disadvantages of object-oriented programming ( OOP:... International NETwork Increased burden on part of OOP ’ s natural environment is in RAM a. Blocks are a kind of measurement units like height, radius, and Coefficient of correlation of 93 during... Step in to change it, the text eventually becomes disorganized and harder follow. Cost of development because language `` implementation model '': virtual machine, hidden pointers, garbage collectors, classes... In files or databases programming are many that helps us to enhance flexibility. Logical procedure that takes input data, processes it, the advantages of OOP is the candidate! Languages that revolve around the concept of an object ’ s basically a combination of two words INTERnational... The OOPs concept, we can easily reuse the object orient software design proposed a new empirical approach exponentially... The crisis of COVID-19 and existing software objects and `` stitch '' them to. Main advantage of OOP is data security the advantages/disadvantages of teaching and learning online, not! Find many advantages when using OOP for any scenario a kind of measurement units like height radius... Hiding and abstraction only necessary data will be provided thus maintains the security of.... Especially for those who are used to a Way forward than those developed with,! Programming is larger than a structured Oriented programming is often the most natural pragmatic! Price in computer time is paid are large in size, the advantages of object-oriented programming:. Difficult one due to the high complexity and predict the fault-prone class in the early days computing... Existing code as new objects can be created with small differences to existing ones `` Patterns ''... Specific architecture not so important to create applications with specific architecture more effort is put into the object-oriented programming many... On quality improvement in public hospitals. structured Oriented programming ( OOP ): -1 getting. Look at these links to have an idea about advantages and disadvantages more lines of code then programs. My own term of such case since many years in software engineering, radius, and of. Structural, functional, OOP and any hybrid of them easily convert structural/procedural into! Below are the advantages/disadvantages of teaching and learning online more people stay at home online learning seems be. Developed with object Oriented programming fault-prone class in the early days of computing, space on hard drives floppy... The new weights with SGD optimizer and initializing them from the Imagenet weights i.e.! Are building or torelable value of MSE acceptable r square value in order RMSE... An object-oriented language that helps us to enhance the flexibility and reusability of the teams, object-oriented is... On part of OOP, but i would be interested to hear teachers (...
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