Ltd. Download Solved Question Papers Free for Offline Practice and view Solutions Online. Topic. In 1534, Humayun defeated Bahadur Shah and captured Gujarat. He was a jagirdar of Sasaram, Bihar. He began to gather his army together hoping for a rapid and decisive siege of the Mughal capital. Sher Shah Suri defeated the Mughal emperor Humayun and assumed the royal title of Farid al-Din Sher Shah. ............ first became the capital of a kingdom under the Tomara Rajputs. (2) Which battle fought in the year 1556 CE? There was a number of combat between the Afghan and the Mughal ruler where Humayun had to finally meet with defeat. He overthrew the Mughal rule in A.D. 1540 and once again revived the Aghan rule. But he could not capture the kingdom because of the sudden expedition of Emperor Humayun. Shiqdar-i-Shiqdaran – to maintain the law and order within the sarkar and to put down the revolt.. Munsif-i-munsifan-was primarily a Judge.Every sarkar was further divided into ‘Parganas’. Time it out for real assessment and get your results instantly. Sher Shah conquered Malwa, Rajputana, Multan, Sind and Punjab. The tomb was built in memory of Emperor Sher Shah Suri, a Pathan from Bihar who defeated the Mughal Empire. Sher Shah Suri was killed on May 13, 1545 when a store of gunpowder exploded at a fort in Kalinjar, India. The Empire was divided into forty-seven provinces or sarkars. Sher Shah Suri followed Sultanate pattern. Sher Shah Suri Mughal Emperor Humayun was defeated by Sher Shah Suri in the Battle of Kannauj.In 1532, Humayun and Sher Shah Suri clashed on the battlefield. Timur Lang. Humayun and Sher Shah Suri, the defeater and the defeated, both built the seventh city of Delhi. Delhi - 110058. Sher Shah meanwhile regrouped and defeated Humayun, at Chausa in 1539 and at Kanauj the next year (1540). He first served as a private before rising to become a commander in the Mughal army under Babur and then as the governor of Bihar. Born in A.D. 1472, in the family of a jagirdar of Sasaram in Bihar and named as Farid.He went to Jaunpur, which was in those days a seat of Islamic learning and acquired knowledge in both Arabic and Persian. Today, the sand mafia is destroying … ........ is a cold desert lying in the Great Himalayas. Sher Shah’s father was Hasan Khan. Reign 17 May 1540 – 15 May 1545 Coronation 1540 Predecessor Humayun Successor Islam Shah Suri Dynasty Sur dynasty Father Mian Hassan Khan Sur Born 1486, Sasaram , Rohtas District Burial Sher Shah Suri Tomb, Sasaram Religion Islam Died 15 May, 1545, Kalinjar On 26 June 1539, Sher Khan faced Humayun in the Battle of Chausa and defeated him. Tarikh-i-Sher Shahi, written by Abbas Khan Sarwani, on the order of Emperor Akbar, provides a detailed information about Sher Shah's administration. Sher Shah Suri (AD 1540–1545) Sher Shah Suri was the founder of the Sur dynasty. Disarrayed and discontent to an alien rule they required the guidance and charisma of a strong leader. • • The empire was founded by Sher Shah Suri, an ethnic Afghan of the tribal house of Sur, who supplanted the Mughal dynasty as rulers of North India during the reign of the relatively ineffectual second Mughal Humayun.Sher Shah defeated badshah-i-Hind ('Hindustani emperor') Humayun in the Battle of Chausa (26 June 1539) and again in the Battle of Bilgram (17 May 1540). Sher Shah conquered Malwa, Rajputana, Multan, Sind and Punjab. He established Suri rule in Delhi and Agra. Sher Shah was a secular ruler who practised tolerance and welfare. Humayun was forced to spend nearly fifteen year in exile in Persia. At Kannauj , the Afghans were able to scatter the Mughals army, which mere by panic, fled in confusion. Sher Shah Suri divided his Kingdom into four 47 divisions called Sarkars. Humayun- A Charming Person But No Warrior . In 1540, he again defeated Humayun in the Battle of Kannauj and became the Emperor of India. All the officials were appointed by Sher Shah Suri himself & they were directly accountable to him. But he simply took the Qutub Shah, son of Sher Shar Suri as a hostage. Humayun and Sher Shah Suri, the defeater and the defeated, both built the seventh city of Delhi. Eventually, Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayun in 1538 and took control over Delhi. Sher Shah, an Afghan chief, defeated him in two bloody battles, and restored for a time the Afghan power in India. Sher Shah Suri founded the Sur Empire in North India having its capital at Delhi. History. Shershah’s original name was Farid. The sarkars were divided into Parganas. Sher Shah was an Afghan landlord of Sehsaram in Bengal who defeated the Humayun, the son of … He ruled the Mughal Empire in 1540. By the time Babur defeated the last Lodi Sultan Ibrahim Lodi in the battle of Panipat in 1526 CE, Sher Shah took the opportunity to consolidate his power and even to extend it east into Bengal. Humayun won the battle and captured Chunar. But, Sher Khan defeated the force at the battle o… rupaiya continued throughout the Mughal period as well as East India Company for a long time (till 1883). There were four ministers to assist him. After consolidating their forces for a year, the armies met once again at the battle of Kannauj in May 1940. Sher shah was the first who attempted to to found an empire broadly based upon the people’s will. Sher Shah Suri defeated which Mughal emperor? Which Mughal Emperor was defeated by Sher Shah Suri? He annexed territories in the north. Sher Shah was a great conqueror as well as administrator of medieval India. In 1534, Humayun defeated Bahadur Shah and captured Gujarat. The original name of Sher Shah, the lion king, was Farid. Mir Qasim. The Battle of Chausa took place between Mughal Emperor Humayun and Sher Shah Suri on June 26,1539. In 1532, Humayun and Sher Shah Suri clashed on the battlefield. Sher Shah died during the siege of Kalinjar. Sher Shah occupied the throne of Delhi for not more than five years, but his reign proved to be a … Nadir Shah. The battle took place on 17 May 1540. Both the silver rupee and copper dam had their halves, quarters, eighths and sixteenths. Early Life of Sher Shah Suri Sher Shah was called Farid when he was a child and was born in 1472 A.D. at the age of twenty two Sher Shah fled to Jaunpur which was the center of learning at that time, studied there for three years, acquired knowledge of Arabic and Persian and was able to impress Jalal Khan, the master of his father by his knowledge and labour. Sher Shah Suri, who belonged to a Pashtun dynasty of Afghanistan, supplanted the Mughal Dynasty during Humayun’s reign. Cloudflare Ray ID: 6085fe88ea13d282 Take Zigya Full and Sectional Test Series. Sher Shah was one of the greatest administrator and rulers of the medieval India. Delhi, Punjab, Kashmir, Kaveri, Bengal. This considerably weakened Humayun's strength, and to add to his miseries, his own brothers were also plotting against him. (4) Who constructed the Grand Trunk Road From Bengal to Muntan? This was his blunder. Silver currency issued by him is known as Rupaiya. Upon hearing this alarming news, Humayun quickly marched his troops back to Agra allowing Bahadur to easily regain control of the territories Humayun had recently taken. Soon after becoming king Sher Shah Suri raised a large army and captured Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal. Later sensing the growth of Sher Shah's power in Bihar, Jalal sought the assistance of Ghiyasuddin Mahmud Shah, the independent Sultan of Bengal. Jump to navigation Jump to search. He had both civil and military power in his hands. After his accidental death in 1545, his son Islam Shah became his successor. Humayun defeated Islam Shah in 1555, and ended the Suri … Practice and master your preparation for a specific topic or chapter. Mir Jafar. He fixed a rate between the copper and silver coins. Sher Shah Suri founded the Sur Empire in North India having its capital at Delhi. Humayun was forced to go to Persia in exile, for 15 years. The provinces were subdivided into districts or parganas. Shershah Suri. For the first time during the Islamic conquest the relationship between the people and However the Afghan chieftains were not completely destroyed. Sher Shah Suri was succeeded by Islam Shah. An ethnic Pashtun, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1538. Humayun was completely defeated by Sher Shah Suri in the battle of Kannauj. Nadir Shah. After the death of Bahar Khan, Sher Khan became the regent ruler of the minor Sultan, Jalal Khan. This tomb was build in memory of Sher Shah Suri, A greatest Emperor from Bihar. When did Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayun and became the Emperor of India? Sher Shah Suri: Sher Shah is rated as one of the greatest rulers of India. Humayun started it as Dinpanah or Purana Qila and Sher Shah Suri finished it as Delhi Sher Shahi.In 1540 Sher Shah Suri took over the reigns of Dinpanah.It took 15 years and Sher Shah’s death for Humayun to defeat and regain control of his city. Humayun defeated Islam Shah in 1555, and ended the Sur dynasty. Ghiyasuddin sent an army under General Ibrahim Khan. Sher Shah Suri - The Lion King of India 1. At this time, Sensing the anarchy and disintegration of his afghan enemies, Humayun defeated convincingly by Sher Shah Suri 15 years ago, sustained and supported by Iranian king, invaded India once again. Humayun started it as Dinpanah or Purana Qila and Sher Shah Suri finished it as Delhi Sher Shahi.In 1540 Sher Shah Suri took over the reigns of Dinpanah. 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