The T-28 was an older tank reaching the end of its production in 1940, and there were several hundred fielded already. The Suomen Ilmavoimat (Finnish Air Force). It was first seen in public at the Allied Victory Parade in Berlin on September 7, 1945, when the advanced design of the new tank astonished the Soviet’s Western allies. But Tankograd and the other Ural facilities poured out vehicles. They had carefully studied battlefield data and realized that the average lifespan of a tank on the Eastern Front was less than six months. This brutal insight clarified everything about vehicle design, leading the Soviets to embrace a methodology that might be called “The Zen of Shoddiness.”. An interesting table of production and deliveries of T-62 tanks to the Soviet Army at the Ural Carriage Works in 1962-1973, as well as the receipt of other types of tanks in the Soviet Army during that period (from the book by SV Ustyantsev "Ural Car Building Works, 80 Years" ., taken from the web resource otvaga2004.mybb.ru). The number of workers at the new facility skyrocketed: from 21,000 in 1937 to 40,000 in 1942. Солянкин А.Г., Павлов М.В., Павлов И.В., Желтов И.Т. They standardized Soviet tanks and self-propelled guns on just three chassis: the KV-1 heavy, T-34 medium, and T-70 light. They computed the average battlefield lifespan of the tank, and reduced costs by not really engineering it where it would last much longer. However, it was the first truly indigenous Russian design and one of the first medium tanks ever built in the world, at least in a large-scale series. A Russian imitation of a British Vickers tank, the T-26 light tank entered mass production in 1932. In May 1940, Franklin D. Roosevelt called for the production of 185,000 aeroplanes,120,000 tanks, 55,000 anti-aircraft guns and 18 million tons of merchant shipping in two years. The most successful were the later IS-2 tank and heavy self-propelled guns, whose large-calibre firepower was generally useful against both soft and hard targets. It was the most successful derivative of the British Vickers 6-ton (Mark E). What if Eisenhower Had Driven On to Berlin? Stalin signed the order to begin production in April 1940, and by June the first T-34s were rolling off the production line. Soviet heavy tank production was constantly in danger of cancellation during the war, and only continued thanks to constant improvement and liberal doses of political interference. 2. Perhaps the best known fighters of World War II were tanks. Soviet Tank/Mech Corps In WWII « on: 6 November 2008, 03:35:20 » Reply: The Soviet Army started the war with the same system as the rest of the European military organizations. Overtaxed track had gone without proper maintenance; rolling stock and engines needed repair or replacement. back to Part I: Russian vs German AFVs in WW II Soviet heavy tank production was constantly in danger of cancellation during the war, and only continued thanks to constant improvement and liberal doses of political interference. The ISU-122 and ISU-152 were self-propelled guns on casemate-fitted IS hulls. ww2 Soviet Tanks Poster. It cast steel and armor; produced the engine, transmission, and other components; and assembled the vehicle. It was one of the most successful inter-war Soviet tanks, thanks in part to a wide range of variants. The SU-122 mounted the lower-velocity 122-mm M-30 howitzer, and was mainly used as battlefield assault artillery against infantry. T-34 (Soviet Union) This legendary tank was the highest produced tank in WWII and second highest produced of all the time. These were disposable vehicles, with disposable human beings inside. They were both used as heavy assault guns; and both were useful as Anti Tank weapons. True, the tank’s loader had to scramble around inside the hull, because the T-34 had no turret basket in which he could sit. The Chelyabinsk tractor works, for instance, was known simply as Tankograd: “Tank City.” Tankograd could fabricate nearly everything needed to make an AFV except the gun. At the start of the war, France had one of the largest tank … German Tank Production in World War 2 ... Soviet Storm. Two other regional centers of industrial production were Ukraine and the Donets Basin in southern Russia, near the Black Sea. IS-1, definitive production version in early 1944. The Soviet Union took part in World War II from 1941 until the war's end in 1945. The T-34 was originally armed with a 76-mm gun; this was upgraded to a higher-velocity 76-mm, then finally to an 85-mm gun in a bigger turret. That component of the vehicle worked very much as advertised. Figures are up until the first half of 1945 and only include new production. These vehicles required significantly more resources to produce than the T-34 medium tank, and were always outmatched by it in some significant way. In six months, the U. S. S. R. effectively lost 40 percent of its gross domestic product and population, and 60 percent of its coal and steel production. The lightest (over two tons) fighter aircraft of WWII, it had impressive characteristics of speed and maneuverability. Topic: Soviet Tank/Mech Corps In WWII (Read 54642 times) Mad_Russian. All variants of the T-16 and T-18, the first Soviet tank that entered mass-production. WW2 in the East - The Battle Of Kursk. “The finest tank in the world,” is how he described the T-34. This massive industrial exodus left the Russian railroad system on the brink of collapse by 1942. Captain Offline Posts: 1320 Co-founder of WaT. During that period the tank’s cost fell by half, from 269,000 rubles to 135,000. Building and overhauling heavier armoured vehicles required specialized heavy machinery. And the Soviets weren’t just hiring American architects, but also American production engineers and tool manufacturers. ( Log Out /  The IS-3 saw minimal combat service. Quite the opposite: the T-34 was a great tank. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. 1. The Soviets realized they could machine those components to looser tolerances, using lower-quality metals. Who paid or financed tank,armor,aircraft,war production etc in the Soviet Union during WW2? Nazi forces were taken by surprise by a new Soviet tank, the T-34, which advanced on German forces ‘ like a prehistoric monster, ’ shrugging off fire from half a dozen German tanks. Babich-Design - Duration: … Unknown unit. It was soon upgraded to a new turret with high-velocity 122 mm gun, and renamed IS-2, finally giving a slow, expensive heavy tank one clear superiority over the medium T-34. The SU-76 was a 76 mm gun mounted on a lengthened version of the T-70 chassis. Their main components were produced and assembled in facilities which also built heavy tractors, artillery, locomotives, and ship components. During that disastrous summer, the invaders had captured, besieged, or threatened the Soviet Union’s western industrial cities. The T-70 was a light tank used by the Red Army during World War II, replacing both the T-60 scout tank for reconnaissance and the T-50 light infantry tank for infantry support. ( Log Out /  In one dog fight on 16th July 1944, 18 Yak-3s faced 24 German … Soviet combat vehicle production during World War II[1] from the start of the German invasion of the Soviet Union on 22 June 1941 was large. Foreign light tanks continued to be delivered under Lend-Lease, but domestic production would be replaced by cheaper armoured cars[citation needed] and the plentiful SU-76M self-propelled gun, which was simpler but packed a bigger high-explosive punch. Soviet Union (1943) Heavy tank – 3,854 built A new standard in hell: The IS-2. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. StarMedia. Doing so reduced efficiency, as even the largest factories couldn’t achieve the economies of scale that, say, an engine provider like Germany’s Maybach or the United States’ Ford could. Soviet high command h… In the 30s and 40s the fiction was still operating that Soviet industrial production was far superior to the capitalist alternatives. World War II was the first time that tanks were seriously incorporated into warfare. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! A Soviet war bond financing the T-34 tank during WWII. Top. Learn how your comment data is processed. towards research on “Soviet production, employment, and the defense burden, 1937 and 1940-1945”, and by study leave from the University of Warwick. ), but I think the point is clear. Around 84,000 were built by Soviet Union and one of the longest existing tanks ever manufactured. The T-35A tank is one of history’s strangest tanks – often seen crawling across the Soviet inter-war era parade squares. 12th Guards Heavy Tank Brigade, Dukla pass, Slovakia, September 1944. This video is sponsored by World of Tanks. Cosmetics and comfort simply didn’t concern the Soviets; natty paintjobs and ruler-straight welds didn’t kill Germans; the T-34’s 76mm gun did. Most were driven by standard automotive engines. It even produced ammunition. The T-80 light tank was a more advanced version of the T-70 with a two-man turret—it was produced only in very small numbers when light tank production was abandoned. Combat experience in the Spanish Civil War (1936–1939), the Battles of Khalkhin Gol (1939) and the Winter War (1939–1940) showed the Soviet military that light tanks (such as the T-26) were too lightly armored and that multi-turreted tanks (such as the T-35) were inferior to single turret tanks which guided the switch to the later vital T-34 medium and KV-1 heavy tanks. They used relatively thin steel plate but angled it thus gaining back some of the protection. From its first appearance in the skies over the battlefields in 1944, the Yak-3 became a true headache for German pilots. Formation and structure Defense factories already played an important role in prerevolutionary Russian industry. 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