Bushehr Province (استان بوشهر, Ostān-e Būshehr) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. South Pars reserves account for almost 40% of Iran’s total natural gas reserves. Iran begins extraction of natural gas from an offshore rig at South Pars, the largest gas field in the world which is shared between Iran and Qatar, said the country's official media. Auf der Liste der weltweit größten Gasfelder hat es mehr gewinnbare Reserven als alle anderen Felder zusammen. North Field production plan (million cubic feet per day). Despite efforts from QP managing director Jaber al-Marri, contracts were not forthcoming. South Pars gas field is one of the largest independent gas reservoirs in the world lying on the territorial border between Iran and the State of Qatar in the Persian Gulf. Enditem Modifications recommended by Sasol assist with overcoming this shortfall and production capacity was reached/ maintained from 2009 onwards. In 1988, a firm of international consultants presented a plan to QP for developing domestic projects to utilize Qatari gas. Shell has 100% of the equity in the integrated upstream and plant project. In 2011, Qatar will reach an annual production capacity 8 trillion cubic feet (230 billion cubic metres) of natural gas per year, while in that year Iran's production capacity will reach 4 trillion cubic feet (110 billion cubic metres) per year. [14], The estimates for the Iranian section are 500 trillion cubic feet (14×10^12 m3) of natural gas in place and around 360 trillion cubic feet (10×10^12 m3) of recoverable gas which stands for 36% of Iran's total proven gas reserves and 5.6% of the world's proven gas reserves. [24] It is estimated that the amount will reach over $40 billion by 2015. As the world's largest gas field shared between Iran and Qatar, the South Pars field, also known as North Dome field, holds an estimated 1,800 trillion cubic feet of in-situ natural gas and some 50 billion barrels of natural gas condensate, according to the International Energy Agency, a Paris-based intergovernmental organization. The first of two 70,000 barrels per day (11,000 m3/d) GTL trains is planned to start production in 2011. North Field has gas reserves estimated more than 900 Tcf and considered as the world's second largest holder of gas reserves after Russia or the largest single gas field in the world. Despite Iran’s abundant reserves, crude oil production stagnated and even declined between 2012 and 2016 as nuclear–related international sanctions that targeted Iran’s oil exports hindered progress across Iran’s energy sector, which affected upstream investment in both oil a… While Iran has remained largely cut off from foreign investments and technical assistance since its 1979 revolution, Qatar signed deals with big Western companies. [23], The South Pars Field was discovered in 1990 by National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC). [37][38], As at 2012, some 400 Iranian companies were taking part in the development of the South Pars gas field through supplying equipment to related projects. On 27 February 2009, one of the members of Iranian Parliaments criticized lack of attention on the importance of acceleration of South Pars field development and the field development delays.[54]. However, this did not affect projects approved or underway before the moratorium. North Pars Gas Field is one of the biggest independent gas fields of the country. North Pars is among fields with high potential for investment. The remaining 6,000 square kilometers, called North Dome, are situated in Qatar’s territorial waters. The world's largest gas field is known as South Pars in Iran's territory with its Qatari extension referred to as the North Dome. Es wird von Katar und Iran beansprucht und ausgebeutet. The field’s capacity has been estimated to be around 222 trillion cubic feet in total deposits. [39], Table Sources: NIOC, Pars Oil & Gas Company, Shana and Media [16]. Here are a number of milestones: Subsequent phases of the North field development provided feedstock to LNG plants at Ras Laffan Industrial City. Download : Download full-size image; Fig. It covers an area of 500 square miles and is located 3,000m below the seabed at a water depth of 65m. The Urengoy gas field churns out roughly 9.2 billion cubic feet of gas … The South Pars/North Dome field is a natural-gas condensate field located in the Persian Gulf. [6], The field is 3,000 metres (9,800 ft) below the seabed at a water depth of 65 metres (213 ft),[7] and consists of two independent gas-bearing formations: Kangan (Triassic) and Upper Dalan (Permian). Field development has been delayed by various problems - technical (i.e., high levels of mercaptans and foul-smelling sulfur compounds), contractual issues and, recently, politics. [35] Economic studies show with the operation of each South Pars phase, one percent is added to the country's gross domestic product (GDP), while phase 12 will add more than three percent of GDP. Each standard phase is defined for daily production of 1 billion cubic feet (28 million cubic metres) of natural gas, 40,000 barrels (6,400 m3) of condensate, 1500 tonnes of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and 200 tonnes of sulfur, however some phases have some different production plans. [27], Development of a South Pars phase by the Norwegian Statoil company has become infamous after extensive report of misconduct and bribery to the Horton Investments, an Iranian consultancy firm owned by Mehdi Hashemi Rafsanjani, son of former Iranian President Hashemi Rafsanjani. Iran begins extraction of natural gas from an offshore rig at South Pars, the largest gas field in the world which is shared between Iran and Qatar, said the country's official media. [11] The Pars Oil and Gas Company,[16] a subsidiary of NIOC, has jurisdiction over all South Pars-related projects. Statoil committed to spending US$300 million to construct three production platforms and a pipeline. [9] Diagenesis has a major effect on reservoir quality of the field. The field is being freshly developed with a four-phase… 1989: Qatar begins production from North Field phase one (Alpha) at rate of 800 million cubic feet (23 million cubic metres) of natural gas per day. Gas extraction from the giant South Pars Gas Field in the Persian Gulf increased 150% over the last decade, managing director of Pars Oil and Gas Company said. The Persian Gulf is home to one of the largest independent gas reservoirs in the world. South Pars/North Dome gas field is the world’s largest gas field that is located on the joint borderline between Iran and Qatar, The gas reserves of this huge gas field comprise about 8% of the total gas reserves of the world. [19] This assessment is not expected to end until after 2009, meaning new projects are unlikely to be signed before 2010. The South Pars/North Dome field is a natural-gas condensate field located in the Persian Gulf.It is by far the world's largest natural gas field, with ownership of the field shared between Iran and Qatar. South Pars holds some 14 trillion cubic meters of natural gas and 18 billion barrels of gas condensates. As it now stands in South Pars, then, most of the Phases are either 100 percent complete or within one or two percent of that figure, with the entire field producing an average of 725-775 million cubic metres per day (mcm/d) of gas. In the years preceding the 1979 Islamic Revolution, Exxon and Lands were in charge of building structures for the development of North Pars. Phase three involved exporting to Europe and Asia. The South Pars–North Dome field is a gas condensate field located in the Persian Gulf. In-place volumes are estimated to be around 1,800 trillion cubic feet (51 trillion cubic metres) gas in place and some 50 billion barrels (7.9 billion cubic metres) of natural gas condensate in place. It is one of the country's main energy resources. Many Iranian energy analysts believe that NIOC authorities should focus on full development of South Pars field prior to conduction of any new project for development of other undeveloped Iranian offshore gas fields. [22], On 29 October 2007, Qatargas CEO Faisal Al Suwaidi stated that the 5-year moratorium on new North Field gas development projects, imposed in 2005, could be extended to 2011 or 2012. President.ir – Phases 13, 22, 23, 24 of South Pars Gas Field officially started operation on Saturday on Dr Rouhani’s order. Around 1.6 billion cubic feet per day (45×10^6 m3/d) of natural gas will be supplied from the North field to the project. The North Pars gas field, located 120km south east of Bushehr in water depths of 2m to 30m in the Persian Gulf, Iran, contains recoverable gas reserves of 47.2tcf making it the world's sixth biggest gas project under development. Qatar and Iran share the world’s largest independent gas field beneath the waters of the Persian Gulf. [24] Gas production at South Pars rose by nearly 30% between March 2009 and March 2010. [19] The exploration moratorium was lifted by Qatar in April 2017 with the announcement of a new gas project in the southern part of the field. Qatar produced about 20 trillion cubic feet (570 billion cubic metres) of natural gas in the period of 1997 to 2008, while Iran produced about 10 trillion cubic feet (280 billion cubic metres) of natural gas in the period of 2003 to 2008. This field which was discovered in 1967 is located some 120 kilometers south east of Bushehr in water depths of 2 to 30 meters in the Persian Gulf. Shared between Iran and Qatar, the Iranian section of this giant field is called South Pars, while the Qatari section is named North Dome. Even before the Persian Gulf War, this phase ran into trouble. Field development has been delayed by various problems - technical (i.e., high levels of mercaptans and foul-smelling sulfur compounds), contractual issues and, recently, politics. The prospects for further growth in Qatari gas production beyond 2012 are clouded by the uncertainty created by a moratorium on new export projects, which was imposed in 2005 while the effect of existing projects on North Field reservoirs was studied.[1]. The field is estimated to contain a significant amount of natural gas, accounting for about eight percent of the world’s reserves, and approximately 18 billion barrels of condensate. Offshore staff. Gasfeld Land Gewinnbare Reserven in km³; 1: South-Pars Iran und Katar 35.000 2: Urengoi Russland 6.300 3: Jamburg Russland 3.900 4: Hassi R’Mel Algerien 3.500 5: Stockmann (Schtokman) Russland 3.100 6: Galkynysch (Iolatan) Turkmenistan 2.800 [12] With in place volumes equivalent to 360 billion barrels (57 billion cubic metres) of oil[13] (310 billion boe of gas and 50 billion boe of natural gas condensate) the field is the world's biggest conventional hydrocarbon accumulation. The field is estimated to require $16 billion in investment, including $5 billion in the upstream sector and $11 billion in the downstream sector (mainly LNG plants). The plant uses 330 million cubic feet per day (9.3×10^6 m3/d) of natural gas from the Al Khaleej Gas project. Upload media Wikipedia: Instance of: natural gas field: Location: Iran: 26° 40′ 50.16″ N, 51° 40′ 40.08″ E. OpenStreetMap; Locator tool; Authority control Q1513795. A massive anhydrite (the Nar member) separates the K4 from the underlying K5 unit which has poor reservoir qualities. The priority of South Pars full development is not only due to its shared nature with Qatar, but also with huge capability of the field to add significant liquid production to Iranian liquid export capacity. Upload media Wikipedia: Instance of: natural gas field: Location: Iran: 26° 40′ 50.16″ N, 51° 40′ 40.08″ E. OpenStreetMap; Locator tool; Authority control Q1513795. The utility facilities started operating in 2002 and the process facilities were operating by July 2003, giving a total output of one billion cubic feet of gas a day, along with 40,000bpd of gas c… The vast offshore gas field, which Doha calls the North Field and Iran calls South Pars, accounts for nearly all of Qatar’s gas production and around 60 percent of its export revenue. Download : Download full-size image; Fig. Of this, 316 billion cubic feet (8.9 billion cubic metres) went to Japan, 293 billion cubic feet (8.3 billion cubic metres) to, 2007: In March QP solidifies its leading role when, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 00:16. Gas is sent to shore via pipeline, and processed at Assaluyeh. South Pars is the world's largest gas field, covering an area of 3,700 square kilometers of Iran's territorial waters. It is by far the world's largest natural gas field. While several phases of South Pars gas field are still waiting for development and the ongoing development phases are facing delays, NIOC authorities are conducting negotiations for development of other Iranian offshore gas fields like North Pars, Kish, Golshan, Ferdows and Lavan. The South Pars Field was discovered in 1990 by National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC). South Pars / North Dome Gas-Condensate field natural gas field. The Iranian side accounts for 10% of the world’s total gas reserves, 60% of which belong to Iran. [10], The field is a part of the N-trending Qatar Arch structural feature that is bounded by the Zagros fold and thrust belt to the north and northeast. Phases 27 and 28 development was assigned to. North Pars Gas Field is one of the biggest independent gas fields of the country. Location map of the South Pars gas field (black rectangle) and its Qatari part, North Field, in Persian Gulf waters. [26] Each of the phases is estimated to have an average capital spend of around US$1.5 billion, and most will be led by foreign oil firms working in partnership with local companies. [citation needed], The Iranian section also holds 18 billion barrels (2.9 billion cubic metres) of condensate in place of which some 9 billion barrels (1.4 billion cubic metres) are believed to be recoverable,[16] while Qatari section believed to contains some 30 billion barrels (4.8×109 m3) of condensate in place and at least some 10 billion barrels (1.6 billion cubic metres) of recoverable condensate. The remaining 6,000 square kilometers, called North Dome, are situated in Qatar’s territorial waters. Now 23 years after the South Pars development project inaugurated, the field, having 12 refineries, has turned into the biggest gas refinery complex of the world. This field which was discovered in 1967 is located some 120 kilometers south east of Bushehr in water depths of 2 to 30 meters in the Persian Gulf. 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